People experiencing the pain of a headache is a common thing. Many reasons like stress, strain, other health issues are the causes of a headache. But when there is a severe pain in the head, you need to think about the migraine headaches. Now your doubt may be, “How can I confirm if it is a migraine?” Just Scroll down to get the answer and know the natural migraine treatment.
What is Migraine?
Migraines are the severe form of a headache that starts with some visual signs. The sensory warnings are flashes of light, blind spots, tingling in the arms and legs, nausea, vomiting, and high sensitivity to light and sound. The pain of the migraines can last for hours or even days. Some of the symptoms of a headache and the migraines may be similar. Then how can you differentiate that it is a headache or the migraines?
Difference between a headache and the Migraines
The main difference between the migraines and headache is the area of pain. The person with the migraines experiences the pain on one side of the skull. But the one with a headache experiences the pain throughout the head. In a similar manner, you can differentiate between the symptoms of migraine headache and the usual headache. They are the following.
Symptoms of a headache
- Tenderness on your scalp, neck and shoulder muscles.
- Aching head.
- Pressure across the forehead or on the sides and back of the head.
- Severe pain on one side of the head.
- Sensitivity to light and sound.
- Lack of concentration.
- Abdominal pain.
- Hot or cold temperature in the body.
Some people may experience some warning signs of Aura. The aura is a set of symptoms like flashes of light, virtual visions, tingling sensation in the arms or legs.
What are the Stages of Migraine?
For a simple understanding, migraines are of four stages. Each stage shows separate symptoms. Most of the people experience the four stages but not all the people. The four stages of the migraines are the following.
- Prodrome stage.
- The aura stage.
- Headache phase which is the main stage.
- The postdrome stage.
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The prodrome stage
The premonitory or the prodrome stage starts one hour before or two days before you get the chronic migraine headaches. The symptoms in this premonitory stage are,
- Change of moods. For, e.g., anxiety or depression.
- A want to eat the sugary foods.
- Uncomfortable neck or soreness in the neck.
- Frequent yawning.
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Aura stage of the migraines
You can observe this aura symptoms just before the occurrence of migraine headache. Nearly 30 percent of the people with severe migraine headaches experience the aura stage. Below is the list of aura symptoms that warns you of the migraines.
- The person observes the dark spots or will lose the vision.
- He/she will see the bright spots or flashes of light in an instant.
- The patient experiences speech problems.
- A ringing sounds in the ears.
- Tingling sensation in the arms and legs.
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After the first two stages, the main stage is where the patient gets a severe headache. In this stage, the person experiences the following symptoms.
- A series of pain on one side or both the sides of the head.
- Very high sensitivity to light, sound, and smell.
- Vomiting and nausea.
- Pain in the abdominal region.
- Lack of appetite.
- Improper clarity in the vision.
This is the recovery stage where the symptoms of a migraine headache disappear slowly. In this period the person shows the signs of euphoria.
Till now, we have seen the stages of the migraines and their symptoms. Now, we will know what are the causes of migraine headaches.
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Migraine Headache Causes
The leading causes of migraine headaches do not get a complete explanation from the researchers. But there are some triggers of migraine headache that the doctors observe mostly among the migraine patients. The different categories that are the causes for migraine headache are the following.
The regular food habits of yours may trigger the headaches. Let us what causes migraine headaches with food.
People who skip the meals or do continuous fasting decreases their blood sugar level. And also the people who take the foods like chocolates, nuts, peanut butter, citrus, onions, etc. will be affected by migraine. The foods that contain the tyramine and monosodium glutamate or nitrates also cause migraine.
The dangerous habit of smoking and consumption of alcohol is a reason for many deadly diseases. These habits are also the reasons for migraine headaches. Your sleeping patterns and irregular sleeping, etc. also triggers the migraines.
The previous history of your health may be the triggers of migraine headache. So, what are the medical issues that starts migraine?
- The individual with the allergic reactions, over stress, tensions, anxiety, depression, etc. and nervous disorder, faces the migraines.
- Women with the hormonal imbalances like an irregular menstrual cycle, use of the birth control pills, menopause experience the migraine headaches.
- The improper functioning of the brain’s blood vessel system and vascular system causes the migraines.
- If your ancestors have the migraines, then you are mostly to get this disease.
Till now, you have seen the causes and symptoms of migriane. But how will you treat it? Just scroll down and have a look at the different treatments for migraine headaches.
Treatment for Migraine Headache
The migraine treatment can help relieve the symptoms and slowly reduces the migraine disorder. The treatments of migraine headaches are of two types. They are the following.
- Pain-relieving Treatments.
- Preventive Treatments.
This type of the pain-relieving migraine medicines is taken to reduce the intensity of the symptoms of migraine headache. You get the best results if you take rest or sleep for a while in a dark room. The medicines that the doctors suggest for relieving pain are the following.
The drugs like Aspirin, ibuprofen help relieve the mild migraines. Continuous usage of the pain relievers may lead to the development of ulcers. So, you should use them only under the guidance of a medical practitioner.
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The intake of triptans constrict the blood vessels and blocks the pain in the brain. They relieve the pain and also the symptoms of migraine headaches. The triptans are available in the form of pills, nasal sprays, and injections.
Some other pain relieving medication for migraine are ergots, Anti-nausea, Opioid, and Glucocorticoids medicines.
The preventive treatments for migraine headaches are given when you have certain symptoms like,
- If you have the migraine attack for four hours or even a half day.
- When the pain-relieving medicines do not work.
- If you have the prolonged aura or numbness and weakness symptoms.
It is not sure that the preventive medicines always stop the migraines completely. The drugs may also create side effects. If you acquire the best results from the preventive medicines, the doctor starts decreasing the dosage. He/she then checks if your migraines return without the medicines.
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The drugs that are used for prevention of the migraines are,
- Cardiovascular drugs.
- Anti-seizure drugs.
- OnabotulinumtoxinA (Botox).
Home Remedies for Migraine Headaches
It is not sure that the natural remedies for migraine headaches can cure the migraines completely. But you can try them to get free from the symptoms. The following are the migraine headache home remedies.
Ginger Migraine treatment
A Phytotherapy research proves that the ginger treats the migraine headaches effectively. It blocks the chemicals which trigger the muscle contractions, hormones and regulate the inflammation in blood vessels of the brain.
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Drinking the ginger tea for a minimal time a day relieves your from the severe migraine headaches. Or you can just chew the pieces of ginger. It reduces the sensation of nausea and improper digestive system functioning.
How to use the ginger?
You can take ginger in the form of tea, or you can eat the fresh root of ginger directly. Below is the process of making the ginger tea.
- Take one and a half cup of water and boil them.
- Now add 4 to 6 slices of ginger to the boiling water and close bowl with a lid.
- Let the solution to boil.
- Filter out the ginger from the solution.
- Squeeze a lemon according to your taste to the liquid.
- To sweeten the tea add a little honey.
The Chamomile Tea
The anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, and soothing characteristics of the chamomile help in relieving the migraines. The German chamomile gives the best results when you drink it’s tea regularly. You can prepare the tea in two methods.
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- Dry the chamomile flowers and crush them to form a powder.
- Add the powder to a cup of hot water and let them rest for few minutes.
- Mix a spoon of lemon juice and honey to the solution.
- Strain it and drink the tea for 3 to 4 times a day.
- Steep equal amounts of chamomile, horehound, and meadowsweet in a cup of hot water.
- After five minutes strain and drink it.
The Peppermint remedy for migraine
Peppermint has the anti-inflammatory properties that relieve the pain of the severe headaches. It also freshens the breath, relief from menstrual cramps and allergies, relaxes the muscles.
You can drink the peppermint tea or you can massage your temples with the peppermint oil. Rest it for 20 to 30 minutes. Repeat it until you get the relief.
Apple is the best medicine for migraines
As soon as you experience the signs of the migraines, eat an apple. This reduces the pain and also the problem of migraine headaches. Not only when you eat but also the smell of a green apple also reduce the severity of migraine headaches.
Along with the migraine treatment at home, try the muscle relaxation exercises and yoga, meditation.
Relaxation Exercises and Yoga for Migraine Treatment
Certain yoga poses targets mainly on the stress and tension that causes migraine headaches. Some other help in improving the circulation and blood flow to the brain. So, look at the list of the yoga poses that help you relieve the pain of migraines.
- Hastapadasana (Standing Forward Bend)
- Setu Bandhasana (Bridge pose)
- Shishuasana (Child pose)
- Marjariasana (Cat stretch)
- Paschimottanasana (Two-legged Forward Bend)
- Adho Mukha Svanasana (Downward Facing Dog pose)
- Padmasana (Lotus pose)
- Shavasana (Corpse pose)
Along with the home remedies for migraine treatment and yoga, one should have a nutritious diet and proper medical treatment too. You should also prevent the following habitual actions to avoid the migraines.
How to Prevent Migraine Headaches?
For every disease, prevention is better than cure. So, learn what to avoid to be free from the deadly disease of migraines. Look down to know the list of preventive measures of migraines.
Stay away from loud sounds and bright lights
One of the triggers for migraine headaches is loud noises, flashing lights, etc. You cannot stay away from them in this digital world. So, try to prevent night drives, auditoriums, clubs, and mid-afternoon, etc. Break the continuous usage of computers and television to get rest for your eyes.
Avoid too much or too less sleep
Have a sweet sleep for at least seven to eight hours as the lack of sleep is a cause of migraine headaches. Remember that too much sleeping also triggers migraines.
Never skip food
One of the reasons for migraine headaches is the lack of nutrition. So, never skip breakfast or meals. Because this may lead to malnutrition and finally cause migraines.
An hour from the time you wake up, have your breakfast. Take the nutritious food in small amounts for every three to four hours. Also, drink lots of water to keep your body hydrated. Moreover, the dehydration and hunger also lead to the severe migraines.
As stress is one of the leading causes for migraine headache, try to stay free from tensions. For this, you can go for meditation and any stress relief exercises which is one of the best migraine treatment.
Exercises are the one of the best treatment for migraine headaches. But over exercising like weight lifting can trigger migraine headaches. Choose the type of workouts that your body can tolerate. The simple exercises that can reduce the stress without straining your body are yoga, light aerobics.
It is tough for the people to live with migraines and its symptoms. So, try to avoid the causes of migraines and choose a healthy lifestyle. If you are under depression, take the help of your family or friends to have a speed recovery. Believe in yourself to control the pain of a headache and take the best migraine treatment.